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Articles from 5(1)/2011

Introduction. Who’s afraid of feminine/ feminist studies in visual culture?

Doru POP

Feminism, feminine discourse and the representation of women in the new Romanian cinema

Doru POP


The main research question of this paper is centered around the the possible connections between the new Romanian cinema and the contemporary feminist theories. Are there any traces of a «women’s cinema» in the «Romanian new wave», is there any ideological link between the ch... Read More

Keywords: Women’s cinema, Representation of female identity, Male gaze, Violence against women, Feminist theories, Rape in movies

Comment le cinéma hérita de la photographie: le regard, la femme, le réalisme



Taking as a start point the apparition of photography and the way the new invention was received by artists and intellectuals, the present article aims at proposing a few answers to the question why a new medium provokes major cultural changes, at a level of perception, at an aesthetic one, or at a level ... Read More

Keywords: photography, cinema, painting, realism, sight, crime, woman’s condition

Searching Ourselves in Other People – A Feminist and Marxist Key of Time (2006) directed by Kim Ki-Duck

Stănuţa Nicoleta POPA


The hypothesis of the article is that dynamic images reveal their meanings with the aid of an array of methods supporting the analysis. The selection of the methods finds its reasoning in the idea that a film suggests a fantasy story within the ideology of an era. In this context the spectator assumes a s... Read More

Keywords: Kim Ki-Duk, Marxism, feminism, psychoanalysis, violence

Les nouvelles masculinités dans les films d’animation long-métrage de dernière génération. Révolution du genre?



By proposing a thematic analysis of gender within the long-length cartoons like Monstres et Cie., Robots, In search of Nemo, How to train your dragon, Madagascar, Up, Cars, Ice Age, Toy Story, the article suggests a critique of the idea that these megaprod... Read More

Keywords: recent cartoons, new masculinities, male domination

Maria Callas en acte: l’identification d’un monstre sacré

Anne-Laetitia GARCIA


Between 1947 and 1965, Maria Callas developed not only an unconventional style of operatic singing while reviving the bygone technique of bel canto, but also her consummate acting. With her, the dramatic essence of the operatic genre sprang forth anew on the stage: the performing body combined with the si... Read More

Keywords: Maria Callas, diva, acting, woman’s status in performative arts, icon, cinema

Femmes objets et femmes bourreaux: l’être humain pris entre amour et érotisme chez A. Adamov et les artistes pop



As shown by most of the artistic tendencies of the second half of the XXth century, the woman, as a character or as a represented image, reveals a deep and often painful transformation which took place in the way couple relations were conceived, may they be social, sentimental or simply sexual. The theatr... Read More

Keywords: Arthur Adamov, Pop Art, eroticism, women as objects, women as menkillers, exhibition, lost intimacy

Nouvelles identités de la femme - artiste dans les représentations contemporaines du corps



The paper discusses the use of the human body as a material and artistic object. The main hypothesis is that the body is a part of a wider process of innovation and revolution in art. Following those artists who implement the creative act on themselves, using their own body, and those works of art which u... Read More

Keywords: body art, menstrual art, ideal feminine identity, nudity, violence

Eroticon – A Comparative Approach of Visual Poetics in Amorous Fiction

Mihaela URSA


The paper proposes the concept of eroticon in order to better define the unique nature of love fiction. Unlike other forms of prose, erotic or amorous fiction use the impact of visual poetics in order to describe the love situation. The demonstration first states the presence of a reccurent scene... Read More

Keywords: erotic fiction, possible worlds, narrative theories, the philosophy of “as if”, useful fictions, Lancelot, Chrétien de Troyes, Guinevere, Tiresias, Ovid, Metamorphoses

Ritual and Metamorphosis – a Reading of Madonna\'s Frozen



This essay aims to interpret it, the video-clip of the pop singer Madonna, by means of three research methods: iconology, semiotics and psychoanalytic. This hermeneutic approach is an attempt to extract the deep meanings of the esoteric ceremony initiated by the main female character in a musical video pr... Read More

Keywords: esoteric forms, music videos, denotation, connotation, mirror stage, material imagination, otherness, identity, metamorphosis

L’art érotique: le nu féminin

Andreea Elena CIUCLAN


Womanhood – unique treasury of beauty and sensuality continues to raise the interest of critics in every field it has been considered a part of. No matter if there is literature, photography, film or advertising, it becomes a subject of discussion and controversy. Most of the times, interpreted as s... Read More

Keywords: women, feminity, beauty, sensuality, nudity, erotic art, pornography, photography, criticism

A woman’s 69 looks – Cindy Sherman’s Untitled Film Stills –

Daria IOAN


The American photographer Cindy Sherman created a new form of pictorialism, using the film still as basis for a series of feminine portraits which confronted visual arts’ world with the social pressure’s recurrences on women’s stereotyped imagery during some decades of the 20th ... Read More

Keywords: feminine imagery, film still, surveillance, visual cliché, identity quest, antiphotography

The Seduction of the Gaze Case Study: Theda Bara, Photograph. The Film Sin, 1915



The female character born with the birth of the photographic camera: the femme fatale. Focusing on a photograph of the actress Theda Bara, the author interprets the connection between two fundamental verbs of the visual culture, to see and to have, and their connection with the ... Read More

Keywords: gaze, femme fatale/vamp, semiotics, seduction

I dear not to touch the work of art (or do I?)

Laodamia DASCĂL


The aim of this paper is to analyze Tiziano Vocellio’s early work, dated in 1511, entitled Noli me tangere, from multiple methodological points of view. During the investigation of the work of art, the author uses a comparative method as the guide and organizer of ideas. The work of art dis... Read More

Keywords: painting interpretation, triangulating methodologies, factual observation, hermeneutic investigation, psychoanalysis, feminism

Interview with Tudor GIURGIU, one of the most important contemporary film directors in Romania, owner of an independent production company and the initiator and President of the Transilvania International Film Festival (TIFF)

Doru POP