The Impossible and the Desire



The paper has the aim of offering a critical perspective on gender and identity, following the line suggested by Judith Butler and Gayatri Spivak, whose theories and visions are reflected in the movies In a Year of 13 Moons by Rainer Fassbinder and Morer como un homem by Jaou Pedro Rodrigues. As sexual issues are strongly related to the way existing norms shape our perception, Michel Foucault’s ideas will be mentioned with the aim of also highlighting the changes that have occurred in the existing paradigms throughout history. The movies approach the theme of identity and of exclusion from the perspective of marginal characters, often looked down upon in society: Elvira, from Fassbinder’s movie is a transsexual and Tonia a drag queen.

Keywords: queer studies, alienation, gender, identity, film theory

DOI: 10.24193/ekphrasis.19.9